Lawyers and Christian Ethics, A Bibliography


Adams, George C. A Christian Lawyer: a sketch of the life and work of Hon. Warren Currier. St. Louis: Commercial Print Company, 1893.

Adams, George C. The Christian Lawyer: being a portraiture of the life and character of William George Baker. New York: Carlton & Porter, 1858.

Allegretti, Joseph G. The Lawyer’s Calling: Christian faith and legal practice. New York: Paulist Press, 1996.

Baker, Thomas E. and Timothy W. Floyd, eds. Can a Good Christian Be a Good Lawyer?: homilies, witness, and reflections. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1998.

Ball, Milner S. Called by Stories: Biblical sagas and their challenge for law. Durham: Duke University Press, 2000.

Ball, Milner S. Lying Down Together: law, metaphor, and theology. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.

Ball, Milner S. The Promise of American Law: a theological, humanistic view of the legal process. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1981.

Ball, Milner S. The Word and the Law. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Berman, Harold J. Faith and Order: the reconciliation of law and religion. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1993.

Boardman, Henry A. The Importance of Religion to the Legal Profession with Some Remarks on the Character of Charles Chauncey Esq. Philadelphia: Wm. S. Martien, 1849.

Bockle, Franz. Law and Conscience. Trans. M. James Donnely. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1966.

Buehner, Andrew J., ed. Law and theology: addresses at the dedication of Wesemann Hall, Valparaiso University, and essays on “The professional responsibility of the Christian lawyer”. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1965.

Coquillette, Daniel R. Lawyers and Fundamental Moral Responsibility. Cincinnati: Anderson Publishing Company, 1995.

Gardner, E. Clinton. Justice and Christian Ethics. Cambridge [England]. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Harris, Arthur M. Letters to a Young Lawyer. St. Paul: West Publishing Company, 1926.

Keeva, Steven. Transforming Practices: finding joy and satisfaction on the legal life. Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1999.

McThenia, Andrew W., Jr., and William Stringfellow, eds. Radical Christian and Exemplary Lawyer. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1995.

Mooney, Christopher F. Public Virtue: law and the social character of religion. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1986.

Moore, T.V. The Christian Lawyer, or, the Claims of Christianity on the Legal Profession: a discourse delivered at the funeral of Richard W. Flourney Esq., In the First Presbyterian Church, Richmond, VA. Dec. 1, 1857. Richmond: McFarlane & Fergusson, 1858.

O’Brien, Edward. The Lawyer, His Character and Rule of Holy Life: after the manner of George Hebert’s country parson. London: W. Pickering, 1842.

Perry, Edward Abbott, Sir. The Seven Lamps of Advocacy. New York: Books for Libraries Press, 1968.

Rhodes, Robert E. Law and Liberation. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1986.

Rhodes, Robert E. Jr. Pilgrim Law. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1998.

Sells, Benjamin. The Soul of the Law. Rockport: Element, 1994.

Shaffer, Thomas L. and Robert F. Cochran, Jr. Lawyers, Clients and Moral Responsibility. St. Paul: West Publishing Company, 1994.

Shaffer, Thomas L. and Robert S. Redmount. Lawyers, Law Students, and People. Colorado Springs: Shephard’s, 1977.

Shaffer, Thomas L. and Mary M. Shaffer. American Lawyers and their Communities: ethics in the legal profession. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1991.

Shaffer, Thomas L. Faith and the Professions. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University; Albany N.Y.: Distributed by State University of New York Press, 1987.

Shaffer, Thomas L. On Being a Christian and a Lawyer: law for the innocent. Provo: Brigham Young University Press, 1981.

Stringfellow, William. A Keeper of the Word: Selected Writings of William Stringfellow. Bill Wylie Kellermann, ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1994.

White, John, Jr. and, Frank S. Alexander, ed. The Weightier Matters of the Law: essays on law and religion a tribute to Harold J. Berman. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1988.

William J. Kerby Foundation. The Lawyer Looks Beyond the Law: essays in human dignity. Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 1951.



66 Fordham Law Review 1075 (March 1998). The Relevance of Religion to a Lawyer’s Work: an Interfaith Conference.

– Allegretti, Joseph. “Lawyers, Clients, and Covenant: a Religious Perspective on Legal Practice and Ethics.” (Responses by Peggy T. Cantwell, Lawrence A. Hoffman, James M. Jenkins, and Frank Pommersheim.)
– Collett, Teresa Stanton. “Speak No Evil, Seek No Evil, Do No Evil: Client Selection and Cooperation with Evil.”
– Floyd, Timothy W. “The Practice of Law as a Vocation or Calling.”
– Foley, Edward B. “Jurisprudence and Theology.” (Responses by Perry Dane, Kaled Abou El Fadl, John Langan, Sj, and Linda C. Mcclain.)
– Freedman, Monroe H. “Religion Is Not Totally Irrelevant to Legal Ethics.”
– Escalera, Nitza Milagros. “A Christian Lawyer’s Mandate to Provide Pro Bono Publico Service.”
– Giba-matthews, F. “A Catholic Lawyers and the Church’s Social Teaching.”
– Griffin, Leslie. “The Relevance of Religion to a Lawyer’s Work: Legal Ethics.” (Response by Thomas D. Morgan.)
– Kastleman, Kevin Patrick. “Selected Bibliography: Religion and Lawyering.”
– Lee, Randy. “The Immutability of Faith and the Necessity of Action.”
– Matthews, Gregory L. “The Discernent of (The Law Student’s) Vocation in Law.”
– Pearce, Russell G. “The Religious Lawyering Movement: an Emerging Force in Legal Ethics and Professionalism.”
– Shaffer, Thomas L. “Faith Tends to Subvert Legal Order.”

26 Fordham Urban Law Journal 985 (April 1999). Rediscovering the Role of Religion in the Lives of Lawyers and Those They Represent.

– Allegretti, Joseph. “A Lawyer’s Miscellany: scriptural resources for Christian lawyers.”
– Giba-Matthews, F. “Vocation as Curse.”
– Porter, Jr., Thomas W. “The Spirit and the Law.”
– Reza, Sadiq. Symposium. “Religion and the public defender.”

10 Journal of Law and Religion 277 (1993-94) Commentary on the Work of Thomas L. Shaffer

– Ball, Milner S. Out of the West Rides an Unmasked Stranger.”
– Failinger, Marie A. “Gentleman as Hero: Atticus Finch and the Lonely Path.”
– Gaffney, Edward McGlynn, Jr. “In Praise of a Gentle Soul.”
– Gerber, Leslie E. “Can Lawyers Be Saved? The Theological Ethics of Thomas Shaffer.”
– Hartigan, Emily Fowler. “The Gentleman Who Was Thursday.”
– Lesnick, Howard. “Religious Particularity, Religious Metaphor, and Religious Truth: Listening to Tom Shaffer.”
– Shaffer, Thomas L. “How I Changed My Mind.”
Yoder, John Howard. “The Scholarship of Thomas L. Shaffer: A Retrospective and Response.”

81 Marquette Law Review 177 (Winter 1998). Religion and the Judicial Process: Legal, Ethical, and Empirical Dimensions.

– Berg, Thomas C. and William G. Ross. “Some Religiously Devout Justices: Historical Notes and Comments.” (Responses by J. Gordon Hylton and Christopher F. Wolfe.)
– Garvey, John H. and Amy V. Coney. “Catholic Judges in Capital Cases.” (Responses by Richard B. Saphire, Mark V. Tushnet, and Robert W. Tuttle.)
– Griffen, Wendell L. “The Case for Religious Values in Judicial Decision-Making.” (Responses by Daniel O. Conkle, Joan B. Gottschall, and Scott C. Idleman.)
– Smith, Steven D. “Legal Discourse and the De Facto Establishment.” (Responses by Larry Cata Backer, Mark Modak-Truran, and Ronald F. Thiemann.)
– Sullivan, Winnifred Fallers. “Judging religion.” (Responses by Kent Greenawalt, Emily Fowler Hartigan, Rodney K. Smith, and James Boyd White.)
– White, James Boyd. “Talking About Religion in the Language of the Law: Impossible but Necessary.”

27 Texas Tech Law Review 1027 (1996). Faith and the Law Symposium.

– Ajalat, Charles R. “Practice, Church, Life, and Society.”
– Alexander, J. Nickolas. “Faith and the Law — A Lifetime of Balancing of Interests.”
– Allegretti, Joseph G. “Neither Curse Nor Idol: Towards a Spirituality of Work for Lawyers.”
– Allen, Douglas R. “A Spiritual Look at Choosing a Legal Career.”
– Baker, Thomas E. and Timothy W. Floyd. “A Symposium Precis”
– Ball, William Bentley. “On Hoping to Be, Being, and Having Been.”
– Buice, B. Carl.. “Practicing Law to the Glory of God.”
– Chopko, Mark E. “Public Lives and Private Virtue.”
– Chrisman, Perry O. “Confessions of a Baptist Lawyer.”
– Collett, Teresa Stanton. “To Be a Professing Woman.”
– Cromartie, John L. “Reflections on Vocation, Calling, Spirituality, and Justice.”
– DiSalvo, Charles R. and William L. Droel. “Reflections on the Contents of the Lawyer’s Work: Three Models of Spirituality-and Our Struggle with Them.”
– Dodson, William Carlton. “Faith Beyond Reasonable Doubt.”
– Edwards, Dan. “Reflections on Three Stories: ‘Practicing’ Law and Christianity at the Same Time.”
– Gross, Joanne, OSU. “The Deliberations of Mortals and the Grace of God.”
– Hartigan, Emily Fowler. “Practicing and Professing Spirit in the Law.”
– Herron, Roy B. “Making Laws and Protecting Lives.”
– Jorgensen, Michael W. “Whose Ladder Are You Climbing?”
– Matheny, Tom H. “My Faith and My Law.”
– Miller-Heron, Nancy. “On Maintaining Spiritual Sanity in a Secular Vocation.”
– Nelson, James F. “The Spiritual Dimension of Justice.”
– Nixon, Robert W. “Aunt Nell’s Disappointment.”
– Perry, Alan W. “Javert or Bebb.”
– Porter, Jr. Thomas . “Engaging the Law.”
– Reavley, Thomas M. “My Faith and My Work.”
– Sammons, Jack L. “On Being a Good Christian and a Good Lawyer: God, Man, Law, Lawyering, Sandy Koufax, Roger Maris, Orel Hershiser, Looking at the Catcher, and Corked Bats in the Kingdom (With a Brief Guest Appearance by Ty Cobb.”
– Shaffer, Thomas L. “Maybe a Lawyer Can be Servant; If Not…”
– Starr, Kenneth W. “Christian Life in the Law.”
– Vaino, Sharon Worthing. “Serving Through Law: Biblical Counsel, Experience in Practice.”
Wiltshire, Jr., Ashley T. “Religion and Lifework in the Law.”
– Wink, Stephen P. “Something’s Happening Here.”
– Wiseman, Jr., Thomas A. “What Doth the Lord Require of Thee?”
– Woodruff, Michael Joseph. “Lawyers and Sacred Gold.”

10 Vanderbilt Law Review 879 (August 1957). Symposium on Law and Christianity.

– Ellis, W.S. “The Christian Lawyer as Public Servant.”
– Katz, E.G. “Law, Christianity and the University.”
– MacKinnon, F.B. “Summary of a Statement of the Effect of Religious Principles on Lawyers’ Ethical Problems.”
– Stringfellow, W. “The Christian Lawyer as Churchman.”
– Stumpf, S.E. “Theology and Jurisprudence.”
– “A Bibliography on Christian Faith and the Law.”


Articles and Chapters in Books

Alexander, Frank S. “Beyond Positivism: a theological perspective.” 20 Ga. Law Review 1089-1135(1986).

Alexander, Frank S. “Law and morals revisited.” Values in Teaching and Professional Ethics. Macon, Ga Mercer University Press, 1989 (Religion and the Social Crisis, 4) p. 83-94.

Ball, Milner S. “Normal religion in America.” 4 Notre Dame Journal of Law Ethics &Pub. Policy 397-417 (1990).

Baustian, Joan. “Legal Justice as Ministry: [bibliography].” Gospel Dimensions of Ministry Chicago: National Assembly of Women Religious, 1973 p. 176-88.

Bayne, D.C. “Lawyer-moralist looks at the profession.” 8 St. Louis University Law Journal 215 Winter (1963).

Bearrie, Blake. “Lawyers, law and sanctity from Papal Avignon.” Models of Holiness in Medieval Sermons. Louvain-la-Neuve: Fédération Internationale des Institutes d’Etudes Médiévales, 1996 (Textes et Etudes du Moyen Age; 5) p. 259-282.

Bleimaier, John Kuhn. “God, man and the law.” 39 The Catholic Lawyer 277 Winter (2000).

Bresnahan, J.F. “Theology and Law: a deeper understanding of vocation.” 7 Capital University Law Review 25-57 (1977).

Burnette, H.S. “Lawyer as Christian.” 31 Tenn. Law Review 397 Summer (1964).

Carter, S.L. “The Religiously Devout Judge.” 94 Notre Dame Law Review 932-44 (1989).

Christopher, T.W. “Law is the way.” 32 Alabama Law 18 January (1971).

Clark, T.C. “Justice ye shall pursue.” 38 Tenn. Law Review 481 Summer (1971).

Cochran, Robert F., Jr. “Professionalism in the Postmodern Age: its death, attempts at resuscitation, and alternate sources of virtue.” 14 Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 205 (2000).

Cramton, Roger C. “Beyond the ordinary religion.” 37 Journal of Legal Education 509 (1987).

Drinan, Robert F. “Ethics and the legal profession.” Values in Teaching and Professional Ethics. Macon, Ga. Mercer University Press, 1989 (Religion and the Social Crisis; 4) p. 73-81.

Floyd, Timothy W. “Realism, responsibility, and the good lawyer: Niebuhrian perspectives on legal ethics.” 67 Notre Dame Law Review 587 (Jan. 1992)

Fort, Timothy L. “The First Man and the Company Man: the common good, transcendence, and mediating institutions.” 36 American Business Law Journal 391 Spring (1999).

Fort, Timothy L. “Religious belief, corporate leadership, and business ethics.” 33 American Business Law Journal 451 Spring (1996).

Funston, C. Eric. “Ministry of the Legal Profession: a suggested codependency model: a personal reflection” Journal of Pastoral Care 45 (Summer 1991), p. 181-195.

Glendon, Mary Ann. “Legal ethics – worlds in collision.” First Things no. 41 (March 1994), p. 21-27.

Gray, Gordon L. “Personal values within our profession.” 8 Catholic Lawyer 279 (1998).

Griffen, Leslie. “The lawyer’s dirty hands.” 8 Georgetown Journal of Ethics 219 Winter (1995).

Guilfoyle, M.J. “Religion and morality in law.” 18 Jurist 253 July (1958).

Harris, J.W. “Lawyers and Forgiveness: until seventy times seven.” Modern Churchman ns 28 no. 2 (1986), p. 32-41.

Hartigan, Emily Fowler. “Advocacy and Innocence: memories of William Stringfellow.” Radical Christian and Exemplary Lawyer Grand Rapids: Eerdmans 1995, p. 122-128.

Hemholz, R.H. “Ethical standards for advocates and proctors in theory and practice.” Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress of Medieval Cannon Law Vatican City; Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1976 (Monuments luris Canineue Series C, Subsuidia; 5), p. 282-99.

Hesburg, T.M. “Moral basis for personal commitment.” 44 Notre Dame Law 1082 Centennial (1969).

Hull, Kent. “Position of radical lawyers in America.” Christian Century 89 (D 13 1972), p. 1286-71.

Idleman, Scott C. Note. “The role of religious values in judicial decision making.” 68 Indiana Law Journal 433 Spring (1993).

Jorstad, Eric E. “Litigation ethics: a Niebuhrian view of the adversarial legal system.” 99 Yale Law Journal 1089 (March 1990)

Kammer, Charles L., III. “Vocation and the professions.” Annual of the Society of Christian Ethics, The Dallas Texas: Society of Christian Ethics, 1981 (Annual of the Society of Christian Ethics), p. 153-83.

Keegan, J.M. “The Peacemakers: biblical conflict resolution and reconciliation as model alternative to litigation.” 1987 Mo. J. Dis. Res. 11-25 (1987).

Kunzi, Stanton G., Major. “Losing Sight of Christian Values: the evolution and (disturbing) implications of the Christian doctrine.” 1992-JAN Army Lawyer January 1992 Department of Army Pamphlet 27-50-229.

Lawton, George W. “Christ and the lawyer.” Alb. Law Journal 12:II

Lee, Randy. “Faith through Lawyering: finding and doing what is mine to do.” 11 Regent University Law Review 71 (1998).

Lee, Randy. “Catholic Education at the Edge of a New Millennium: do we still have the spirit to send forth saints?” 31 Gonzaga Law Review 565 (1995).

Lesnick, Howard. Symposium. “Speaking the truth to powerlessness.” 52 Vanderbilt Law Review 995 May (1999).

Levine, Samuel J. Symposium on Religiously Affiliated Law Schools. “Further reflections on the role of religion in lawyering and in life.” 11 Regent University Law Review 31 (1998-1999).

“Lost Opportunities and Functional Lives: a comment on the potential contributions of religious metaphors to professional identities and social development.” 27 Duq. Law Review 741-754 Summer (1989).

Lyon, James A. A Lecture on Christianity and the Civil Law. Columbus: “Mississippi Democrat” Print, 1859.

Maire, Jonathan Edward. “The possibility of a Christian jurisprudence.” 40 American Journal of Jurisprudence 101 (1999).

Martyn, Susan R. “Tabor Lecture: Are We Moving in the Right Dimension? Sadducees, Two Kingdoms, Lawyers, and the Revised Model Rules of Professional Conduct.” 34 Valparaiso University Law Review 121 (1999).

Mashburn, Amy R. “Pragmatism and paradox: Reinhold Niebuhr’s critical social ethic and the regulation of lawyers.” 6 Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 737 (Spring 1993)

McVinney, R.J. “Catholic lawyer and the law divine.” 14 Jurist 111-18 April (1954).

Miller, Jennifer Tetenbaum. Note. “Free Exercise v. Legal Ethics: can a religious lawyer discriminate in choosing clients?” 13 Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 161 Fall (1999).

Mooney, Christopher F. “Law: a vocation to justice and love.” Professions in Ethical Context. Villanova University Press: Villanova , Pa. 1986 (Precedents of the Theology Institute of Villanova University; 18) p. 59-95.

O’Conkle, Daniel O. “Professing Professionals: Christian pilots on the river of law.” 38 The Catholic Lawyer 151 (1998).

O’Reilly, Mary S. “Trial Advocacy and Public Office: an American religious woman’s experience [author’s experience as an attorney and as a Family Court Master in Texas.].” Between God and Caesar. Mahwah. New Jersey: Paulist Press, 1985. (Woodstock Studies; 8), p. 307-13.

Pearson, John H. Symposium on Ethics. “Thomas Shaffer: he believes what he teaches and lives what he believes.” 4 Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 1 (2000).

Powers, F.J. “Religion and the law.” 1 Catholic University Law Review 115-21 May (1951).

Rhodes, Robert E., Jr. “Religion and procedure. [reply, D.R. Lohn, p. 189-92.]” Journal of Law and Religion 4 no. 1 (1986), p. 179-88.

Robillard, S.J.A. “Religion, conscience and law.” 32 N. Ir. Legal Q. 358-72 Winter (1981).

Sammons, Jack L. “Meaningful Client Participation: an essay toward moral understanding of the practice of law.” Journal of Law and Religion 6 no. 1 (1988), p. 61-95.

Schiltz, Patrick J. “On being a happy, healthy, and ethical member of an unhappy, unhealthy, and unethical profession.” 52 Vanderbilt Law Review 871 (May 1999).

Schutt, Michael P. “What’s a nice Christian like you doing in a profession like this?” 11 Regent University Law Review 137 (1998).

Shaffer, Thomas L. “On religious legal ethics.” 35 Catholic Lawyer 393 January (1994).

Shaffer, Thomas L. “Moral theology and legal ethics.” 12 Cap. University Law Review 179-93 Winter (1982).

Shaffer, Thomas L. “Christian lawyer stories and American legal ethics.” 33 Mercer Law Review 877. (Spring 1982).

Shaffer, Thomas L. “Serving the guilty.” 26 Loyola Law Review 71-85 Winter (1980).

Shaffer, Thomas L. “Should a Christian lawyer serve the guilty?” 23 Ga. Law Review 932-22 (1989).

Shaffer, Thomas L. Symposium on Ethics. “Nuclear weapons, lethal injection, and American Catholics: faith confronting American civil religion.” 14 Notre Dame Journal of Law Ethics and Public Policy 7 (2000).

Shaffer, Thomas L. “The moral theology of Atticus Finch.” 42 University of Pittsburgh Law Review 181 (1981).

Shaffer, Thomas L. “Should a Christian lawyer sign up for Simon’s practice of justice?” 51 Stanford Law Review 903 April (1999).

Shaffer, Thomas L. Religion and the Law. Review “Stephen Carter and religion in America. A culture of disbelief: how American law and politics trivialize religious devotion. By Stephen L. Carter.” 62 University of Cincinnati Law Review 1601 (1994).

Shaffer, Thomas L. “The Christian jurisprudence of Robert E. Rhodes, Jr.” 73 Notre Dame Law Review 737 March (1998).

Shaffer, Thomas L. “On being a professional elder.” 62 Notre Dame Law Review 624 (1987).

Shaffer, Thomas L. “Religion/Jurisprudence/Culture: the jurisprudence of John Howard Yoder.” 22 The Legal Studies Forum 473 (1998).

Smith, Abbe and William Montross. “The calling of criminal defense.” 50 Mercer Law Review 443 (1999).

Terres, Joyce. “County Attorney: work as a religious vocation.” Faith and Practice 1 (Fall 1995), p. 9-10.

Thomas, S. “A romance of law and religion. (President’s address.)” Iowa S B A 1931:245-57.

Tompkins, H.B. “Religious Belief Affecting Rules of Evidence.” So. Law Review 2:251

Wand, J.W.C. “Law and the gospel”. L Soc Gaz 56:727 N (1959).

Waddell, Glenn G. and Judith M. Keegan. “Christian Conciliation: an alternative to ‘ordinary’ ADR.” 29 Cumberland Law Review (1998-1999).

Webster, John Lee. “Law and the ideal lawyer.” 3 Neb. L. B. 470 (1925).

White, R.J. “Law in the image of God.” 17 Jurist 1 January (1957).



Robert W. Tuttle, Ph.D., J.D.
Associate Professor of Law, George Washington University Law School

Leigh-Frances Prince
JD Candidate, George Washington University Law School